Its remit covers all kinds of transmission networks including:
ComReg enables competition in the communications sector by facilitating market entry for networks and services and by regulating access to networks so as to ensure that consumers, both business and residential, have choice in the services which they wish to use. In a rapidly evolving sector, both in technological and commercial terms, ComReg provides the framework for the introduction of new services such as next generation mobile to support smartphones and similar applications.
Encouraging innovation is also a key role for ComReg. This covers both regulatory innovations, such as implementation of market reviews under the new European regulatory framework, and technical innovations. On the radio spectrum side the role involves development of strategies for management and use of the radio spectrum, new initiatives in the wireless licensing area, and the promotion of Ireland as a test bed for innovative uses of spectrum.
(See Test & Trial Ireland at www.testandtrial.ie ).
ComReg websites provide information and advice to users.
Guide on pricing
Premium Rate services
Statistics on Irish comms. market
Find out more about the work of ComReg at
This lesson deals with some of the technologies behind the Wi-Fi phenomenon. Various types of network are defined, the various devices in a wireless LAN are described and the term ‘hotspot’ is discussed. Some radio fundamentals are reviewed.
In this lesson we look at the radio spectrum and the communication services that depend on it. We also discuss the role of ComReg in managing the use of the spectrum and the need for such management. An extra Poster Sheet on ComReg is included in the folder.
The radio spectrum is not unlimited. Different countries and regions around the world regulate which parts of the radio spectrum may be used in order to promote efficient use of the available RF spectrum, facilitate provision of services, encourage innovation and limit interference between services.
The early telecommunications systems were digital, that is, the signals typically consisted of short or long pulses with gaps in between. Generally, only two levels were used: ‘on’ and ‘off’; in other words, they were binary systems. The most enduring and useful of those early systems was Morse code which continued in commercial use from about 1850 to about 1990.
It is sometimes difficult to choose the most economical mobile offer. There are many variables such as number of phone minutes, number of texts, data allowance, roaming etc. This is where the ComReg Price Compare online calculator and Android app really help.
Today SRDs or ‘short range (radio) devices’ are in common use. These devices use low power RF (radio frequency) in specified RF bands. They are not likely to cause harmful interference to other networks or to essential public services and so no licence is required for their use.
Radio signals, like light, are electromagnetic. They do not require a medium and they travel at about 300 million metres per second. The frequency of radio signals ranges from about 100 kHz to beyond 1000 MHz. The corresponding wavelengths range from 3000 metres to 0.3 metres.
Air traffic control, weather forecasting and navigation are among the most important applications of radar. The lesson outlines the basic principles of radar systems. ComReg regulates the allocation of the hundreds of RF bands that are used for TV and radio, mobile phones, radar, meteorology and satellite communications.